• Plate I

     

    Figures 177 to 182. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -177. Dry population of gametophytes with flattened habit, scale bar = 1000 µm. -178. Live population showing antheridia and patent leaf stance, scale bar = 1000 µm. -179. SEM micrograph of gametophyte showing imbricate horizontal leaves, scale bar = 100 µm. -180. SEM micrograph of gametophyte with patent, undulate leaves; notice the 4 developing sporophytes, scale bar = 100 µm. -181. OM micrograph of etiolated gametophyte; notice the contiguous to distant leaves, scale bar = 100 µm. -182. Typical gametophyte showing horizontal leaf stance, furcate branching and imbricate leaves, scale bar = 1000 µm. [Figures 177, 179 and 181 from paratype of F brasiliensis, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 44); figure 180 from the lectotype of F. brasiliensis (G 52); figure 178 from Panama, Stotler and Crandall Stotler 3482 (ABSH); figure 182 from paratype of F. brasiliensis, Elliott 1258 (G 43)].

     

  • Plate II

     

    Figures 183 to 188. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -183. OM micrograph of leaf with rectangular shape and truncate apex, scale bar = 1000 µm. -184. OM micrograph of leaf with oblong rounded apex, scale bar = 1000 µm. -185. OM micrograph of elongate median leaf cells, scale bar = 100 µm. -186. SEM micrograph of distinct leaf border with tangentially elongated marginal cells, scale bar = 10 µm. -187. OM micrograph of oil bodies from a living population, scale bar = 100 µm. -188. OM plant showing an intercallary branch, scale bar = 1000 µm. [Figures 183 to 186 from paratype, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 2370/44); figure 187 from Xalapa, Mexico, Stotler & Crandall-Stotler 4322 (ABSH); figure 188 from Brazil, Eiten & Eiten 4616 (BM 79765)].

     

  • Plate III

     

    Figures 189 to 194. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -189. SEM micrograph of plant showing intermixed gametangia (antheridia = an, archegonia = ar), scale bar = 100 µm. -190. SEM micrograph showing developing sporophytes, scale bar = 100 µm. -191. SEM micrograph of unfertilized archegonium to the left; to the right a fertilized archegonium with developing caulocalyx, scale bar = 100 µm. -192. OM micrograph of gametophyte with several caulocalyces, scale bar = 1000 µm. -193. OM micrograph of sessile caulocalyx, scale bar = 1000 µm. -194. SEM detail of a caulocalyx, notice the unfertilized archegonia at the base, scale bar = 1000 µm. [Figures 189 to 191 from Panama, Stotler and Crandall Stotler 3482 (ABSH); figure 192 and 193 from paratype of F. brasiliensis, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 44); figure 194 from lectotype of F. brasiliensis(G 52)].

     

  • Plate IV

     

    Figures 195 to 200. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -195. OM micrograph of capsule wall with nodular thickenings, scale bar = 100 µm. -196, 197. OM micrograph of spore distal faces showing icomplete areolation, scale bars = 10 µm. -198 - 200. SEM micrograph of spore distal face, scale bar = 10 µm. [Figures 195 and 196 from paratype of F. brasiliensis, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 2370/44); figure 197 from the lectotype of F. brasiliensis (G 52); 198 and 199 from paratype fo F. brasiliensis, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 2370/44); figure 200 from the paratype of F. brasiliensis, Dominican Republic, Elliott 1258 (G)].

     

  • Plate V

     

    Figures 201 to 206. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -201. OM micrograph of spore proximal face with marginal depressions (arrows). -202. SEM micrograph of spore proximal face, notice marginal depressions (arrows) and trirradiate ridge, scale bar = 10 µm. -203. SEM micrograph of spore proximal face with marginal depressions, scale bar = 10 µm. 204. OM micrograph of elater with three loosely coiled spirals, scale bar = 10 µm. -205. OM micrograph of regenerant on leaf, scale bar = 100 µm. -206. OM micropgraph of regenerant excised from leaf, scale bar = 100 µm. [Figures 201 - 203 from paratype, Brazil, Ule 109 (G 44); figures 205 and 206 from the lectotype (G 52); figure 204 from the paratype, Dominican Republic, Elliott 1258 (G)]

     

  • Plate VI

     

    Figures 207 to 212. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -207. Comparing F. porphyrorhiza (above) with Noteroclada confluens (below) in type specimen for Jungermania porphyrorhiza (=F. porphyrorhiza); notice the size difference, scale bar = 1000 µm. -208. OM micrograph of gametophyte from lectotype showing distant leaves with truncate, rounded and emarginate apices, scale bar = 1000 µm. -209. OM of gametophyte from type specimen showing oblong and rectangular leaves, scale bar = 1000 µm. -210. OM micrograph of leaf with distinct border of tangentially elongated marginal cells and elongate median leaf cells, scale bar = 100 µm. -211. OM micrograph of dorsal view of gametophyte with naked archegonia, scale bar = 100 µm. -212. Drawing by Gottsche showing dorsally scattered and naked archegonia. [Figures 207 to 210 from lectotype for F. porphyrorhiza in STR; figure 211 from the paratype, Dominican Republic, Elliott 1258 (G); figure 212. Illustration by Gottsche included with the lectotype for F. porphyrorhiza in STR].

     

  • Plate VII

     

    Figures 213 to 218. Fossombronia porphyrorhiza (Nees) Prosk. -213. Noteroclada from type specimen, notice the antheridia and a terminal developing sporophyte, scale bar = 1000 µm. -214. Illustration of Noteroclada by Gottsche, compare it to the plant in figure 209. -215. OM micrograph from original collection of "F. trinitensis" gametophyte showing caulocalyx, scale bar = 1000 µm. -216. Capsule wall of "F. trinitensis" with mainly nodular thickenings, scale bar = 100 µm -217. SEM micrograph of spore distal face of F. trinitensis, scale bar = 10 µm -218. SEM micrograph of spore proximal face of F. trinitensis with marginal depressions and cristate ornamentation, scale bar = 10 µm. [Figures 213 and 214 from lectotype for F. porphyrorhiza (STR); figures 215 - 218 from Trinidad, Fendler s.n (BM 79758)].